Food Safety Reports: About Inspections

There are two main laws in Ontario for Food Premises that are enforced by Elgin St Thomas Public Health and other health units. One is The Health Protection and Promotion Act. The other one is the Food Premises Regulation. Public Health Inspectors are allowed to inspect all places that sell food. Inspections are meant to lessen the risk of food causing illness to customers.

Food Premises are inspected by Public Health Inspectors. Their inspections are based on requirements found in the Ontario Food Premises Regulation. People who run a food premises are not told when an inspection will be made. Public Health Inspectors look for problems or “violations” when they do an inspection. When problems are seen, the owner, or the person in charge at that time, is informed by the Inspector. They will be given a written report. The report will be listed on Elgin Food Safety Reports. When there are problems found during an inspection, they must be corrected. The Inspector can take enforcement action if there are many problems or if the problem is severe.

Risk Levels of Food Premises

Risk means the potential for causing illness from food. The level of risk for each food premises is checked each year. The risk level can be High, Moderate or Low.

Many things are looked at to figure out the risk level of a food premises. They include:

Based on these factors, each food premises is assigned a level of risk. High risk food premises are inspected three times a year. Moderate risk food premises are inspected two times a year. Low risk food premises are inspected once a year.

Inspection Protocol

Enforcement Action


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